The elderly or those with chronic illnesses can be at risk of being affected by the hot temperatures, so it is important to make sure that they are well protected by staying in the shade, using sun cream and drinking plenty of fluids. Look out for others who might be vulnerable in warmer weather.
In hotter temperatures, it can become uncomfortable indoors too. Try to keep your bedroom and living space cool, by closing the curtains on windows that receive the sun and opening your windows at cooler times of the day when safe to do so.
Whether on holiday or at home – people can protect themselves by following the Sun Smart messages:
Anyone taking medication should also consider keeping them in the fridge as many should be stored in below 25 degrees Celsius.
Children and babies in particular are vulnerable to hot temperatures, so it is important to make sure that they are well protected by using sun cream and wearing summer hats. Never leave anyone in a closed, parked vehicle, especially infants, young children or animals.
People should also think about food safety, as the number of cases of food poisoning doubles over the summer due to undercooked meat and the spreading of germs from raw to cooked food when using the barbecue. To prevent illness caused by these germs, which include salmonella and E. coli, you could initially cook your food, thoroughly, using an oven and then transfer it to the barbecue for flavour.
Another problem during summer is the increase in pollution levels - this can cause difficulties for people who suffer form asthma or other respiratory conditions. People affected need to monitor all their symptoms regularly, keep an inhaler to relieve symptoms handy, and look out for media announcements on air quality.
For more information about summer health, visit www.nhs.uk/summerhealth.
During hot weather, dehydration is a common and serious risk during Ramadan. It is important to balance food and fluid intake between fasts and especially to drink enough water.
The advice for those fasting during Ramadan is: